11/01/2016 - Last week was the premiere of season two of TV ONE's television crime show 'Justice By Any Means' - hosted by Malik Yoba.
The premiere episode is simply entitled 'Jannie Ligons' and focuses on Ligons' sexual assault allegations against former Oklahoma City police officer Daniel Holtzclaw.
Because of the depth in which I review this episode, I have broken it down into two sections...
First is a brief summary of my take on the program and what I feel the public should most understand about it.
The second is a very detailed dissecting of the many falsehoods, lies and misinterpretations of the facts by TV ONE regarding the State of Oklahoma vs. Daniel Holtzclaw and specifically accuser Jannie Ligons.
First, even though I am often highly critical of them, I can't imagine the Oklahoma City police department and a local member of the media had any inkling as to how this episode was going to be edited and produced. If they had, surely they would have declined the invitation to be interviewed.
The overriding theme throughout this episode is that the entirety of the Oklahoma City police department is corrupt, investigators did everything in their power to coverup the allegations and actions of officer Daniel Holtzclaw, and if not for the squeaky wheel perseverance of accuser Jannie Ligons, none of this would have come to light and justice would have never been served (if you believe justice was indeed served by Holtzclaw's conviction).
While further down I detail every misstep by this show's producers, narrator, host and guests, I'll outline just the most outrageous claims here.
While this show continues the prosecution's false assertion that officer Daniel Holtzclaw was a serial rapist who targeted marginalized black females with criminal pasts, the show actually goes far beyond those boundaries. So far beyond in fact, that it's participants and 'experts' openly lie in their effort for further demonize Holtzclaw and elevate their protagonist.
The most outrageous assertions in this episode are as follows;
- TV ONE wants their audience to believe that there were two women prior to Jannie Ligons' complaint that also claimed they were sexually assaulted by officer Daniel Holtzclaw and that the police did nothing. COMPLETELY FALSE. The record is clear, while two reports were made prior to Ligons' traffic stop (Terri Morris and Demetria Campbell), the first could not have been perpetrated by Holtzclaw (as reported at the time) and the second was not a sexual assault claim, it was an excessive use-of-force allegation. The first report was investigated, but accuser Morris quickly insisted on signing a 'refusal to prosecute' form and later admitted to giving false information. The second was investigated as reported and it was determined that officer Holtzclaw had not violated policy, or the law, in his use of force while detaining Campbell. Furthermore, Holtzclaw was found not guilty of Morris' claims and was never charged with Campbell's.
- Legal Analyst Tanya Miller states, "As [Ligons] gets into her car. [Holtzclaw] tells her that if she ever told anyone, no one would believe her." COMPLETELY FALSE and is never even alluded to in any police report, transcript, or interview.
- Host Malik Yoba, and legal analyst Tanya Miller continually forward the idea that law enforcement is reluctant to investigate one of their own and that they try and deflect the accuser's allegations onto someone in the community that is merely pretending to be a police officer. COMPLETELY FALSE and never even alluded to in any police report, transcript, or interview.
- TV ONE continually distorts reality in their storytelling by insisting that each of the 13 accusers came forward on their own and that while investigating their claims of sexual assault, officer Holtzclaw was identified as a suspect because he was a 'common link' to each accuser. COMPLETELY FALSE. The record is clear that investigators did the exact opposite - they proclaimed Holtzclaw to be a serial sexual predator within 24-hours of Ligons' allegations (without any other accusers pointing to him) and developed an arbitrary list of potential victims (black females with a history of drugs and prostitution) and then sought each woman out and told them up front they thought they were a victim of sexual assault. Furthermore, beyond Jannie Ligons, all of Holtzclaw's accusers only came forward identifying him as their attacker after Ligons' allegations were made public by the news media.
- The most outrageous claim made by TV ONE and their expert legal guests is that a DNA test was performed on the underpants of Holtzclaw's 17-year old accuser and that Holtzclaw's DNA was found. TV ONE, and their legal experts, also claim that the DNA found on Holtzclaw's pants was specifically from the vaginal area of the teenage accuser. COMPLETELY FALSE. Again, the record is crystal clear. No DNA test was ever conducted of the juvenile's underpants. Additionally, the prosecutor's own DNA expert testified that the DNA that was found was simply skin cells and they have no way of knowing from what part of the teenager the skin cells came from or how they got on officer Holtzclaw's pants. The show also does not acknowledge that unidentified male DNA was also found in the same spot on Holtzclaw's pants and supports the defense theory of simple transfer DNA. Additional information about the DNA evidence can be found at this link.
TV ONE's Justice By Any Means is self-described as "true stories of mothers, fathers, sons and daughters. Everyday people who would stop at nothing to avenge the horrific acts committed against their loved ones. Real life heroes who risk everything, fighting for justice by any means."
I don't take issue with television shows telling the story of the Holtzclaw case and the allegations of his accusers and Holtzclaw's eventual prosecution. There is plenty of public, court and police record to do that and take whatever perspective you choose.
That said, what I don't think media outlets have the right to do is to re-write history with information that is unquestionably untrue, and all in the attempt to forward a false narrative and deny the public the facts upon which they can draw their own conclusions.
But, apparently, Justice By Any Means includes lying.
At the time of this article's original posting, the only publicly available copy of this episode was at this link; Justice By Any Means; Jannie Ligons (since removed). This was the version the time codes below were taken from.
Below is a copy of the episode that has since been posted publicly by a 3rd party that does allow embedding...
Below is a detailed list of each falsehood perpetuated by TV ONE and Justice By Any Means.
The opening disclaimer says it all... "WARNING: This program contains dramatizations of intense violence and actual events." But the show actually goes further than dramatized recreations. TV ONE and Jupiter Entertainment actually forwards blatant lies and apparently made zero attempt to fact check a single quote uttered from featured individuals; Jannie Ligons, attorney Benjamin Crump, attorney Melvin Hall, or even legal analyst Tanya Miller.
Since the producers of Justice By Any Means didn't bother to check their facts, HoltzclawTrial.com has done it for them...
** The time codes below were taken from a copy of this episode located at this YouTube link (does not allow for embedded playback)
TV ONE (01:08): Host Malik Yoba: "...How far would you go to bring the guilty to justice? These are the true stories of mothers, fathers, sons and daughters. Everyday people who would stop at nothing to avenge the horrific acts committed against their loved ones. Real life heroes who risk everything, fighting for justice by any means."
TRUTH: In sharp contrast, Justice By Any Means (produced by Jupiter Entertainment for TV ONE) is not about presenting the facts and informing their audience. TV ONE's Justice By Any Means has a sole purpose; to forward and elevate the black protagonist at the expense of all others.
TV ONE (02:07): Narrator: "2 a.m. June 18, 2014. It's a hot summer night and Jannie Ligons is driving home from a friends house. She is traveling well within the speed limit when she spots another vehicle."
TRUTH: Obviously, the intent is portray Jannie Ligons as someone minding her own business, not doing anything odd and not even violating any traffic laws.
In reality, TV ONE couldn't even get the weather right. According to weather history for OKC, it was only 79 degrees at 2 a.m. (hardly 'hot') on that day. Additionally, Jannie Ligons was not just 'coming home from a friend's house.' Jannie Ligons had spent the evening and early morning hours at the house of another man - identified as 'Mac.' A man that Ligons claims she has known for a long time. However, Jannie Ligons' own boyfriend of over 20-years, Richard Long, admitted in court he didn't even actually know Mac personally. Jannie Ligons, along with another woman (identified as Diane), admitted to investigators that while at Mac's house, Ligons smoked dope and took medication that causes one to become sleepy.
Around 2 a.m. Jannie Ligons decided to drive. The marijuana and pain pills she ingested most assuredly could have caused her to swerve in and out of her lane - as initially reported by Daniel Holtzclaw.
INTERJECTION: Jannie Ligons has always maintained that she was driving home when Daniel Holtzclaw pulled her over at 2 a.m. However, that claim has come under question when compared to the facts. Jannie Ligons has repeatedly stated (and Holtzclaw concurred) that Holtzclaw only turned on his flashing lights as Ligons was passing through the intersection of NE 50th and N. Lincoln Blvd. as Ligons was heading west on NE 50th. However, if Ligons was truly headed home, she should have turned north onto N. Lincoln Blvd. to head west on I-44. In fact, after being stopped by Holtzclaw, Ligons doubled back and did indeed head north on N. Lincoln Blvd. to I-44.
This observation simply goes to the truthfulness of Jannie Ligons and her state of mind the night of her allegations against Holtzclaw.
TV ONE (02:30): In the opening minutes of the Jannie Ligons traffic stop reenactment, the show dramatically describes how Ligons was reportedly told to lift her shirt for Holtzclaw - including lifting her bra to show she didn't have any drugs or paraphernalia hidden under her clothes. The implication being that Holtzclaw was making Ligons expose herself illegally to Holtzclaw.
TRUTH: As revealed in court testimony by prosecution witness and Oklahoma City police detective Rocky Gregory, this perfectly legal instruction is called the 'clasp and shake.' It is a controversial policy where police officers are allowed to ask female suspects to lift their shirt while also clasping their bra - pulling the bra away from the breast tissue and then 'shaking' the shirt and bra to dislodge any hidden drugs, paraphernalia or weapons. Naturally the instruction from any officer administering the 'clasp and shake' is that the female is to take care not to actually expose her breasts.
Ligons then claims she is made to lower her pants to her knees. In reality, Ligons was simply asked to roll the waistband of her pants down an inch or two to also reveal any hidden contraband - again, a perfectly legal and often used procedure when detaining a subject an officer feels may be a drug user.
TV ONE (05:19): Legal Analyst Tanya Miller states, "As she [Ligons] gets into her car. This man tells her that if she ever told anyone, no one would believe her."
TRUTH: This quote has been entirely made up by Miller. Not once does that allegation appear in any police report or trial transcript.
TV ONE (05:32): Narrator: "Alone, on the side of the road, Jannie is shaken and unsure what to do."
TRUTH: As the surveillance video from that night clearly shows, Ligons simply walks back to her car and turns it around an heads home - literally seconds behind Holtzclaw's patrol vehicle. In fact, Ligons lied to police when she initially reported her alleged assault when she claimed she pulled into a parking spot and then turned around.
INTERJECTION: What TV ONE neglected to mention was that Ligons made several assertions that contradicted Holtzclaw that should have proved true upon forensic review, but were not. Ligons claimed that she was made to place her hands on a specific area of Holtzclaw's patrol car. Ligons also claims that Holtzclaw placed his hands on the top of his patrol car to block the view of passing motorists and picked up Ligons' mobile phone. When asked during his interrogation, Holtzclaw denied both of those assertions by Ligons. Holtzclaw's patrol car and Ligons' cell phone were both forensically examined within hours of the alleged assault and none of Ligons' claims could be backed up with any fingerprints or DNA.
TV ONE (05:50): Marisha Ligons: "She's caring, she's sweet, just a quiet person that likes to stay to herself." "She's a typical Oklahoma woman. She's hard working, puts her family first." "And it's a family that has always had respect for law enforcement."
TRUTH: TV ONE obviously wants viewers to conjure up images of sweet little frail grandmothers who spend their days baking pies, knitting sweaters and sitting out on the porch of their family home while they wait for their grandkids to come and visit.
This is not the life that Jannie Ligons lives and Ligons is not the typical 'grandmother' most people even know.
Ligons, at this time, had been living with her adult daughter, Marisha Ligons, since Nov. of 2013 - after Jannie and her boyfriend had apparently been evicted from their prior residence. Marisha lives in a section 8 apartment complex. Inside Marisha's tiny apartment also resides Jannie's longtime boyfriend, Richard Long, Marisha's felon boyfriend, Christopher Rickey LaVance Jr., and Marisha's two young children.
TV ONE (07:10): Narrator: "...operating purely on instinct. Jannie drives to her daughter, Marisha's apartment.
TRUTH: Obviously the show didn't want to have to explain Jannie's living situation so they intentionally made it appear as though Jannie's daughter, Marisha, lived on her own and that Jannie simply drove there after being stopped by Holtzclaw. In reality, as detailed previously, Jannie and her boyfriend lived with her adult daughter and her adult daughter's felon boyfriend and Jannie's daughter's two children.
INTERJECTION: The show also wants to avoid the uncomfortable lies that are already being told by members of the Ligons household at this point to police. Police records detail that Jannie's boyfriend, Richard Long, lies to police and claims that Jannie called him frantically upset as she drove home. Long says he was so concerned for Jannie that he was waiting in the front yard when she got home. In reality, Jannie admits that she can't find her phone and thought Holtzclaw may have taken it (she was actually sitting on it). Marisha testifies that she actually had to wake Long up after Jannie got home.
TV ONE (09:26): Narrator: "The first thing they do is call one of their several relatives on the police force for advice. But, its not as simple as they'd expect." Marisha Liggons: "I couldn't get the direct number for the precinct that he worked at, so I had to call another one and they kept giving me a different number that never went to that."
TRUTH: The intent by the show appears to be to imply that Marisha Ligons wanted to call her police officer relative to report what had happened to Jannie and to make it appear that process was made unnecessarily difficult by police. In reality, none of that happened. As police reports from that same day clearly show - the police officer relative they are referring to is a cousin by the name of Anthony ‘Tony’ Carter. Officer Carter wasn't even on duty and Marisha never attempted to call him. Instead, Marisha called her cousin, Frances Carter (Tony's mother), and asked her to call officer Carter at his home. Officer Carter noted in a police report, and again at trial, that his telephone conversation with Frances was very brief and that he told family members to immediately dial 911 and that a supervisor would come to them. For unknown reasons Marisha, Jannie and the rest of the family ignored that advice and never dialed 911. It was speculated by Holtzclaw's defense lawyer at trial that the Ligons family did not want to dial 911 because they knew that call would be recorded and that the dispatcher would most likely ask questions and they did have their story down yet.
TV ONE (09:45): Narrator: "At this point Jannie and Marisha decide to drive to the Springlake precinct, near where the assault took place, only to find that it's closed." Atty. Benjamin Crump: "So, where would people in the black community in NE Oklahoma have to go to find a police station or a police to report something?"
TRUTH: Again, the show is attempting to re-write history. In reality, police reports and court transcripts clearly show that Jannie, Marisha and her kids loaded up in Marisha's car and drove towards the Springlake Division Briefing Station (passing the main downtown police headquarters that was open). Jannie's boyfriend, Richard Long, told police that he was very concerned for Jannie and that he followed them to make certain they were able to safely report the assault on Jannie. Long claimed that once Jannie was able to report the incident to the three officers, he drove on to work. Marisha however reported that Long simply got in his car and drove to work immediately and never followed them. Police reports and officer court testimony backs up Marisha's version of events and make no mention of Long.
As for atty. Crump's question; Springlake is simply a briefing station and maintains normal daytime hours. Citizens do not 'go to the police station' to report crimes in this day and age. Citizens simply dial 911 and an officer is dispatched to them. This is exactly what their cousin, officer Tony Carter, advised them to do. Furthermore, for unknown reasons, the Ligons family choose to drive past police headquarters in downtown Oklahoma City, which would have been manned.
TV ONE (11:09): Legal Analyst Tanya Miller: "They call in the report, but its clear they don't quite know what to make of this allegation."
TRUTH: Again, 'legal analyst' Tanya Miller proves she's completely incompetent in her role (unless her role is to lie to forward an untrue narrative). What is clear in the police reports, police radio dispatch logs, cell phone records and testimony, is that the three police officers the Ligons' approached took the matter very seriously and professionally. The three officers immediately called for a supervisor to be on scene, who immediately called for the sex crimes unit to respond.
TV ONE (15:35): Host Malik Yoba: "Its been nearly 24-hours since Jannie Ligons was attacked by a man she believes to be a police officer. She's shocked, she's confused, with no sense of justice in sight. But, she's about to prove that sometimes in our darkest most hopeless hours, against all odds, with shear determination, we can accomplish miraculous."
TRUTH: The anti-cop race baiting is in full force with host Malik Yoba and 'Justice By Any Means.' Obviously the idea is to reinforce the notion that police are not taking Jannie's allegations seriously and that it is Jannie who must find the courage to make police investigate one of their own. As critical as I am about the police in this case, I cannot deny that police took Jannie's report extremely seriously. At the 24-hour point the following has already taken place; Immediately, police took Jannie's report, transported her to the hospital to meet with a female sex crimes detective and have administered a rape exam. Only hours later, detectives located Jannie again and forensically examined her mobile phone. Detectives and a forensic team then located Jannie's vehicle parked at her boyfriend, Richard Long's, workplace and thoroughly examined it also. Detectives were also already meeting with higher ups, interviewing police working security in the area and seeking surveillance video. Lastly, police had also checked the GPS logs for all officers and Holtzclaw himself was identified as the most likely officer who had stopped Jannie and he is interrogated only 14 hours after Jannie was allegedly assaulted. All of that happened within the first 24-hours, yet host Malik Yoba and Justice By Any Means want you to believe nothing was being done.
TV ONE (16:24): Jannie Ligons: "I called detective Davis to see what was going on." Legal Analyst Tanya Miller: "Davis tells Jannie that unfortunately none of the GPS tracking information places any of the officers cruisers in the neighborhood where the incident occurred."
TRUTH: There is no police report or trial testimony that makes this assertion or backs-up this claim. Furthermore, there would have been numerous officers whose GPS placed them in that 'neighborhood' around that time. Jannie was stopped 1.75 miles from the Springlake Briefing Station during a shift change and by a major intersection. Numerous officers would have been coming and going from that 'neighborhood.' What detectives looked for was GPS showing an officer stopped specifically at NE 50th and N. Lincoln Blvd. around 2 a.m.
TV ONE (16:44): Legal Analyst Tanya Miller: "Officers start to question every police officer that had been in that neighborhood. Well, it turns out that one officer, who had been in that neighborhood, turned off his GPS tracking after his shift had ended." Narrator: "According to detective Davis, the officer in question also admitted to making an additional traffic stop after his shift ended. But, having issued no citation, there was no way to identify the motorist. And, when pressed, the officer offered up little additional information."
TRUTH: Police records and court testimony show this is not exactly how this sequence of events took place. A general question was asked during shift lineup - "Did anyone stop someone around 2 a.m. near NE 50 and N. Lincoln Blvd.?" - to which officer Holtzclaw responded without hesitation that he did. At trial detective Davis admitted that Holtzclaw's records showed that she couldn't find a single time where Holtzclaw didn't turn his GPS off at the end of his shift. It was something he simply did every day. Additionally, records show that Holtzclaw readily provided detectives with very detailed information about Jannie's traffic stop. In fact, Holtzclaw himself confirmed that the individual he stopped was indeed Jannie Ligons.
TV ONE (17:47): Detective Kim Davis: "Everything was exactly the same, except for the sexual part." (when referring to Holtzclaw's version of events while being interrogated).
TRUTH: What Det. Davis is leaving out is the fact that there are several differences Jannie Ligons' and Daniel Holtzclaw's version of events and only Holtzclaw's version is backed up by forensic evidence. 1.) Jannie claimed Holtzclaw pulled up beside her and profiled her as a black woman all alone. Holtzclaw claims he never pulled up beside Jannie's vehicle and had no idea who or how many people were in her vehicle. The evidence supports Holtzclaw's version of events because the street was unlit and Ligons' vehicle had darkly tinted windows. So dark in fact you can not see through them during the day - as shown in police photos at trial. 2.) Jannie claimed Holtzclaw had her place her hands on his patrol car. Holtzclaw denied that ever happened. The evidence shows that police lab technicians could not located Ligons' fingerprints nor DNA where she said she was told to touch the patrol car. 3.) Jannie claimed that Holtzclaw placed his hands on top of his patrol car to block the view of passing motorists. Holtzclaw denied that assertion. The evidence again showed that lab technicians could find no evidence Holtzclaw touched the top of his patrol car. 4.) Jannie claims that Holtzclaw picked up her mobile phone. Holtzclaw denies he ever picked up the phone. When the phone was forensically examined, they could not find Holtzclaw's DNA or fingerprints. 5.) Jannie told police when the traffic stopped was over she pulled into a parking spot and turned around and went home. Holtzclaw claimed Ligons simply made a u-turn and never pulled into a parking spot first. The surveillance video from that night clearly shows Holtzclaw's version of how Jannie left was accurate.
Detective Davis is also leaving out the fact she has previously admitted that false sexual assault allegations against Oklahoma City police officers are very common. In fact, she told the Oklahoman newspaper that there is one made every month. These false allegations follow a pattern and are usually inserted into very real situations to give the accuser's story credibility.
As pointed at by Holtzclaw's defense lawyer at trial, "the hardest lie to uncover is one that is inserted into a real life event."
TV ONE (17:57): Narrator: "Detective Davis explains to Jannie that the officer was fully cooperative during the interview. He volunteered to have the uniform he wore on the night in question tested for trace physical evidence and readily submitted to a DNA swab."
TRUTH: While earlier this show intentionally inserted fiction into the narrative to make the Oklahoma City police department and its detectives look incompetent or untrustworthy, they decided to ignore the reality that does indeed show incompetence at the hands of detectives Kim Davis and Rocky Gregory, as evident when they fail to even ask for Holtzclaw's underwear for forensic examination.
TV ONE (18:26): Narrator: "Davis also explains to Jannie, that while the officer wasn't entirely cleared of any wrongdoing, he was allowed to leave the station a free man."
TRUTH: Again, Justice By Any Means apparently includes deception. There is no police report or court testimony that even vaguely makes this assertion. While Holtzclaw was interviewed and was allowed to leave the station, he was read his miranda rights, relieved of his badge and gun, placed on administrative leave and detectives Davis and Gregory had convinced themselves that Holtzclaw was guilty of sexual assault. Holtzclaw was only a 'free man' in the sense that he hadn't been arrested yet and detectives were still seeking evidence to present to the DA's office. TV ONE simply wants to reinforce this false narrative that the police were reluctant to investigate Jannie's claims and that is 100% untrue.
TV ONE (18:36): Host Malik Yoba "When she hangs up the phone with detective Davis, she is heartbroken, angry, frustrated. And why shouldn't she be? She's not buying this story about some fake cop. What she is starting to see is maybe the cops are reluctant to investigate one of their own."
TRUTH: Host Malik Yoba is doing nothing more than race baiting and lying. Once again there is zero evidence any of those conversations ever took place. Additionally, not once do detectives ever indicate in any police report or court testimony that they ever seriously considered any other suspect other than Holtzclaw. There was no 'fake cop' scenario presented to Jannie. The producers of this show have determined they need a black female citizen hero for their story and they will make Jannie that hero regardless of the facts.
TV ONE (20:40): Narrator: "But after speaking with Jannie in person, Adrianna is convinced she is telling the truth. " KWTV Reporter Adrianna Iwasinski: "...You gauge people when you interview with them. You ask a lot of questions and you try to determine body language. And her story, it never wavered, it never changed. I believed what she was saying.
TRUTH: *Disclosure: I've personally known Adrianna Iwasinski professionally for several years. Adrianna is a field reporter who, like most every other television reporter, has received zero training on how to reliably detect truthfulness from those she interviews. Adrianna never interviewed Holtzclaw to compare versions of his story to Ligons', chooses to ignore the parts of Jannie's story that were shown to be most likely false and has no foundation of knowledge of Jannie, her character, credibility or personality to gauge her truthfulness, or lack-thereof. The same general assertion could be made for Holtzclaw. Holtzclaw's story has never changed, can actually be backed up forensically (unlike Jannie's) and many people believe Holtzclaw has been truthful about these allegations.
TV ONE (22:15): Narrator: "As word of her story continues to spread, media outlets begin sharing stories of several women who've come forward after seeing Jannie on the news."
TRUTH: In reality, none of the accusers implicated Holtzclaw until after hearing about the sexual assault allegations on the news. Of those, only one, Shardayreon Hill, came forward to police on her own and was not the result of police seeking out potential victims. Hill, who was facing very serious criminal charges as a result of Holtzclaw arresting her for PCP possession and distribution was most likely hoping for a get out of jail free pass if she implicated her arresting officer. Holtzclaw was found not guilty of all six of Hill's allegations.
TV ONE (24:46): KWTV Reporter Adrianna Iwasinski: "Thirteen women were brave enough to come forward and said 'yes, it happened to me' and here's what happened."
TRUTH: Adrianna knows this is not true and that 13 women did not bravely 'come forward.' Except for Shardayreon Hill (who was trying to get out of going to prison) they were all sought out by detectives Davis and Gregory. One of which insisted her attacker was a "short black man" and another denied seven times be the victim of any improper behavior by any police officer.
TV ONE (24:52): Detective Kim Davis: "As we found more victims everything seemed to be the same. He would ask the same questions, his MO was the same, his actions were similar."
TRUTH: The only similarity with Holtzclaw's questions, MO and actions were that of any officer on patrol. Holtzclaw would ask individuals what they were up to, if they had any drugs on them, if they knew about any criminal activity, or if they had any warrants, etc.? These are the questions every patrol officer is expected to ask. There were no allegations contained in any police reports or court testimony that Holtzclaw's routine questions or actions were any different than any other patrol officer.
TV ONE (25:00): Narrator: "Each of the victims is a poor African American female that had been threatened with jail time by the officer unless they submitted to his sexual commands."
TRUTH: This statement is untrue. While one or two accusers did imply that they felt they had to give in to Holtzclaw's sexual advances to avoid being taken to jail, the reality is that Holtzclaw didn't have any jail time to hold over them. None of Holtzclaw's accusers were found to have drugs on them and only one allegedly had any paraphernalia on her (crack pipe). Of the one's that had active warrants, all of the warrants were misdemeanors and were for non-payment of fines or court costs. These are considered very low priority warrants and officers routinely do not arrest individuals for them. Not a single accuser faced more than a couple of hours to a couple of days in jail.
TV ONE (25:10): Community Activist Grace Franklin: "It was the lowest income portion of the Eastside of Oklahoma City. So, he was very specific about who he attacked."
TRUTH: As mentioned previously on HoltzclawTrial.com, police detectives only sought out poor black females with a history of drugs and/or prostitution. The reality is unquestionable that the only person who targeted this demographic was the detectives looking to convict Holtzclaw.
TV ONE (25:20): Narrator: "But there is one key difference when it comes to Jannie Ligons. She is the only one without a criminal record."
TRUTH: Actually, even if you choose to ignore the fact Jannie admitted to smoking dope just prior to being pulled over, and not having a valid driver's license for decades, she does have a police record for being arrested in a house that was manufacturing crack and selling it years ago when police forced their way in, searching for a fleeing suspect. Jannie was never criminally pursued, but the record remains a fact.
TV ONE (26:04): Narrator: "The physical description of the assailant each victim provides is a near match for the one initially given by Jannie."
TRUTH: Completely false. Jannie herself Described Holtzclaw as having blonde hair and noticeable acne. Another couldn't pick Holtzclaw out of a photo line-up. Yet another was certain her attacker was a short black man.
TV ONE (26:18): Legal Analyst Tanya Miller: "One woman claimed to have been sexually assaulted in her own residence after the officer had given her a ride home."
TRUTH: Miler is referring to accuser Rosetta Grate. Grate claimed that Holtzclaw went inside her home, forced her to perform oral sex on him and then vaginally raped her. Grate also swore that she intentionally wiped Holtzclaw's DNA on a wooden chair, on a mattress cover and on the side and headboard of her bed. Police literally stormed her home with the Gang Unit, kicked in the front door and had a forensics team examine the bedroom furniture and even rags and underwear found in the room. Holtzclaw's DNA could not be found anywhere. At trial it was shown that Grate is noted in police database records as an individual known to lie.
TV ONE (26:29): Legal Analyst Tanya Miller: "One woman alleged that she had been raped while handcuffed to a bed in a hospital. This is not an imposter cop. This is a real police officer committing an unthinkable abuse of power."
TRUTH: Once again TV ONE is falsely trying to force this idea that detectives tried to brush these allegations off as being perpetrated by a 'fake cop.' The accuser being referred to here is Shardayreon Hill. Hill was in the hospital because Hotlzclaw most likely saved her life. When Holtzclaw approached Hill at an apartment complex, she tried to discard several vials of PCP. One or more vials broke/spilled and were immediately absorbed into her skin. Hill also took one or more viles of PCP into her mouth and crushed them with her teeth. Hill started to overdose and medical assistance was quickly called. Hill wants people to believe that while she was in a recovery room of a very busy hospital emergency area she was somehow raped by a uniformed police officer and nobody noticed. Hill admitted at trial she wasn't even aware that Holtzclaw left the recovery room to assist another police officer who was trying to apprehend another woman who escaped police custody. Holtzclaw was found not guilty of all six of Hill's allegations.
TV ONE (27:02): Narrator: "But, almost as shocking as the audacity of the assaults themselves, is the revelation that two of the victims had reported their cases months before Jannie was attacked."
TRUTH: The narrator is referring to accusers Terri Morris and Demetria Campbell. While Terri Morris did report on May 25, 2014 (24-days prior to Jannie Ligons' alleged assault) that she had been sexually assaulted by an Oklahoma City police officer, she was uncooperative, signed a refusal to prosecute form and later told investigators that she gave a false location and details of the alleged assault. Detectives did initially investigate her claims, but could find no evidence she was being truthful.
As for Campbell, her initial complaint, filed on Nov. 5, 2013, was specifically against officer Holtzclaw for unlawful/unreasonable use of force. Campbell made no sexual assault allegation. Holtzclaw was investigated for his use of force. It was determined that he did not violate policy or the law. Campbell only changed her allegation to one of sexual assault after Holtzclaw was charged in regard to the other accusers.
TV ONE (27:14): Legal Analyst Tanya Miller: "Terri Morris never intended to tell police how an officer forced her to perform oral sex and raped her. But, when her boyfriend finds out he calls the police himself." Attorney Melvin Hall: "Her boyfriend encouraged her. He said 'tell them what happened to you.' But the thing about that incident was the police took her information but they did not follow up. They just talked to her at that point and then they left."
TRUTH: This doesn't even begin to resemble the truth from that night. TV ONE depicts the incident as this young couple walking to the police station to report an alleged sexual assault. In reality, Morris' on-again/off-again boyfriend, Christopher Shelton, called 911 while parked at a convenience store because Morris was refusing to get out of his vehicle and Shelton told police that Morris was high and tearing his truck up. Only after police arrived and it looked like she might be arrested did Morris claim she had been previously sexually assaulted by an Oklahoma City police officer. Morris also gave investigators a time and location that she later claims she made up. Police records detail that officers at the scene called for the sex crimes unit to respond and they refused. Officers then filed a formal report and that report was given to sex crimes detective Rocky Gregory. Det. Gregory began investigating Morris' allegations almost immediately. However, Morris was not cooperative and insisted on signing a refusal to prosecute form. Det. Gregory continued to try and persuade Morris to cooperate. Morris eventually did, but claimed she initially lied. She changed the time and location of her alleged assault only after Det. Gregory suggested to her she was assaulted on a different date and at a different location - that Det. Gregory knew matched a contact Morris had with Hotlzclaw.
TV ONE (27:41): Legal Analyst Tanya Miller: "It's the other buried police report that's even more disturbing." Narrator: "The woman in this case had been visiting her terminally ill daughter in the hospital when she was illegally detained and assaulted by an officer." Atty. Melvin Hall: "She told the hospital personnel to call someone in authority and a lieutenant took all of her information and then he apologized to her for this officers behavior and left. She never heard back from him again."
TRUTH: TV ONE is referring to accuser Demetria Campbell. Campbell did indeed have a child who was being treated at a local hospital. At some point on Nov. 5, 2013, Campbell decided to drive to a small restaurant to get some takeout. Campbell was detained by Holtzclaw because she matched the description of a suspect police were looking for in the area. Campbell became upset and belligerent to officer Holtzclaw. After Holtzclaw realized Campbell was not the suspect police were looking for he released her. When Campbell returned to the hospital she filed a complaint report with an Oklahoma City police lieutenant. The complaint was for excessive use-of-force and made no mention of sexual assault or impropriety. It was only a year after Holtzclaw had been officially criminally charged that Campbell and her attorney changed the complaint to one of a sexual nature.
As for the implication that police did nothing about Campbell's initial complaint - that is false. Police did open a use of force investigation and found officer Holtzclaw did not violate the law or police policy.
TV ONE (28:16): Narrator: "Jannie's chosen avenue for fighting the good fight is still the local media. Her continued appearances on the evening news increase the pressure on the Oklahoma City PD, making it difficult to ignore the mounting cries for justice."
TRUTH: Once again, TV ONE's goal is to portray police as trying to coverup any wrongdoing by Holtzclaw and forward Jannie Ligons as the tireless victim who becomes the squeaky wheel to see justice served.
In reality, Ligons put zero pressure on police and detectives began moving forward investigating her allegations from the moment she made her initial complaint. Furthermore, at this point, there were no "cries for justice" and Ligons only appeared on the "evening news" once and never revealed her identity until after criminal charges were filed against Holtzclaw.
TV ONE (29:19): Host Malik Yoba: "It's been two months since Jannie Ligons was sexually assaulted by an Oklahoma City police officer. Despite the fact that twelve other victims have come forward, no arrests have been made - even while the police quietly ID a prime suspect." (29:47) Host Malik Yoba: "As efforts to stonewall the investigation continue, Jannie braces herself for her next battle."
TRUTH: There is absolutely zero evidence that the Oklahoma City police department ever tried to 'stonewall' the investigation against Holtzclaw. To the contrary, detectives were going after Holtzclaw with such blind vigor that they ignore every opportunity to proceed cautiously.
However, using TV ONE's "two month" timeline; twelve other victims had not yet been identified. Only nine accusers had been identified within two months of Ligons' allegations. Regardless, none of those women came forward and identified Holtzclaw as their attacker. All of them had to be sought out by detectives.
TV ONE (30:03): Narrator: "In combing through the arrest histories of the other twelve victims, detective Davis comes across one name several times - a former collegiate football star, turned veteran police officer, Daniel Holtzclaw. He's also the same officer who admitted to stopping Jannie Ligons the night she was assaulted."
TRUTH: Police records are clear that this is not how the investigation played out. TV ONE wants to rewrite history and pretend that Holtzclaw's accusers came forward claiming they had been sexually assaulted by an OKC police officer and that detectives went back and realized Holtzclaw made contact with each one. In reality, it worked the other way around. Within 24-hours of Ligons' allegations, detectives pulled the names of everyone Holtzclaw had made contact with while on patrol. Detectives then indiscriminately removed anyone from that list that wasn't a black female with a history of drugs or prostitution. Detectives then went looking for those remaining women and promptly told them they thought they were a victim of a sexual assault by an Oklahoma City police officer.
TV ONE (30:21): Legal Analyst Tanya Miller: "In some cases he was the arresting officer. In other cases he was following up on a complaint or serving a warrant."
TRUTH: This is not true. In every case where Holtzclaw was charged with sexual assault, the accuser was either stopped by Holtzclaw for a traffic infraction or Holtzclaw simply came into contact with them while on patrol and stopped to question them. In none of the cases was Holtzclaw "following up on a complaint" or "serving a warrant."
TV ONE (30:30): Narrator: "Having identified officer Holtzclaw as the common link in all of the cases, detective Davis and her team catalogue the times and dates of each of the other alleged assaults - and in nearly all instances, Holtzclaw made a mistake that he didn't on the night he stopped Jannie Ligons. The GPS tracking device in his vehicle had been on. Authorities immediately cross-referenced the data collected with each of the other twelve crimes.
TRUTH: Again, this is the opposite of what actually happened. In real life, detectives established Holtzclaw as a suspect and then pulled a list of black females with a history of drugs and prostitution, that Holtzclaw had prior contact with. Detectives then went and interviewed the women on their list. Detectives already knew Holtzclaw's GPS and radio traffic put him at each accuser's location. Holtzclaw has never denied coming into contact with each and every accuser. Some of the accusers Holtzclaw admits to having multiple encounters with even though the accuser's themselves denied it. GPS does not prove a crime did or did not happen. It simply gives credibility to one's account of having been at a specific place at a specific time. If you are pulled over today by a police officer, that officer's GPS will show he had contact with you - but that fact does not prove, or even insinuate, that a crime took place.
TV ONE (30:56): Legal Analyst Tanya Miller: "So, the GPS information was corroborating many of these victims because it placed him at the location where these crimes are alleged to have happened."
TRUTH: Again, the GPS simply verified what the accusers and Holtzclaw already agreed to - that they came into contact with each other. That said, in several instances, the GPS data actually contradicts the assertions of Holtzclaw's accusers. In one instance an accuser says she was dropped off at a specific intersection. However, GPS data shows that Holtzclaw never even slows down within several blocks of that location. In another instance an accuser said Holtzclaw took her to an abandoned school, stopped, removed her from his patrol car, bent her over and raped her. However, Holtzclaw's GPS clearly shows he simply drove past the school, never drove slower than 2 MPH and never stopped. In yet another accuser's version, Holtzclaw followed her to her house, stopped at her driveway, made her get into his patrol car, made three right turns, stopped and raped her. Problem is, Holtzclaw's GPS shows he never even drove down her street and certainly didn't make the three right turns she insists he made.
TV ONE (31:15): Detective Kim Davis: "When we got the results back from his pants, we were told there was female DNA inside of his pants and we knew it wasn't Jannie's, so we knew there had to be someone else - another victim.
TRUTH: That statement is true - insomuch as female DNA was found on the inside fly of Holtzclaw's police uniform pants. However, the unidentified DNA of a male was also found in the same spot. This fact was never acknowledged by the detectives, nor told to the jury. However, it is now a major aspect of Holtzclaw's appeal and is clearly noted in the prosecution's DNA test results.
Prosecutors most likely feared the presence of male DNA would prove all the DNA was probably transfer DNA. So, prosecutors had Holtzclaw's pants tested again, right before trial, this time moving away from where the male DNA was found and closer to where the female DNA was found. It is those results that were presented to the jury.
TV ONE (31:49): Narrator: "But the twelfth and final DNA test, conducted on the undergarments of a 17-year old girl, the youngest of Holtzclaw's victims, provides a hit." Atty. Benjamin Crump: "They had his DNA evidence inside one of the victim's panties." Narrator: "The young woman's DNA is also found on the uniform Holtzclaw was wearing the night of the attack." Atty. Melvin Hall: "They found vaginal DNA material on the inside of his trousers, and that vaginal DNA matched the DNA of the 17-year-old."
TRUTH: This is by far the most outrageous, malicious and egregious manipulation of the facts surrounding the Holtzclaw case from this entire show. It is without debate that the TV ONE narrator, atty. Crump and atty. Hall each blatantly lied in the above statements.
The 17-year-old they are referring to is accuser Adaira Gardner. Gardner's underwear were never tested. When police first tried to locate Gardner she was in Detroit. Gardner is transient and often works as a prostitute and has been arrested for other various (even violent) crimes. Gardner's underwear could not be tested because she claimed she had lost her clothes from that day.
Atty. Hall lied once again when he said that "vaginal DNA material" was found inside Holtzclaw's pants. The court transcript is clear, prosecutors never even bothered to test for the presence of vaginal fluids. The DNA found was simply skin cells and the prosecutor's own expert witness testified they have no idea from what part of Gardner's body the DNA came from, nor how it was transferred to Holtzclaw.
And, once again, the fact that male DNA was also found in the same spot on Holtzclaw's pants is being ignored.
TV ONE (37:00): Host Malik Yoba: "But during jury selection, Jannie's fight for justice was dealt a serious setback. Every single African American that was eligible for consideration was removed..."
TRUTH: In reality, the jury selection process in Holtzclaw's case was exactly the same as in every other criminal case, with one exception. At this trial, more members of the community were pulled from in hopes of getting more diversity. In the end, there were only three African Americans that were randomly selected for consideration. Of those three, one had close relatives in law enforcement and another openly admitted to having severe PTSD.
Oklahoma County District Attorney David Prater routinely eliminates every black potential jury member from trials involving black defendants to try and insure a guilty verdict - yet the media and activist groups never speak out publicly against it.
TV ONE (39:00): Detective Kim Davis: "She wasn't trying to get out of being arrested, she didn't have any warrants out for her arrest. There was no motive for her to make this up."
TRUTH: Detective Davis is referring to accuser Jannie Ligons. Conveniently though, detective Davis omits her admission that the other reason women make false allegations against Oklahoma City police officers is because they want to get even with an overly aggressive cop. Officer Holtzclaw was a textbook example of what many citizens would consider an overly aggressive cop.
Det. Davis also conveniently forgets another reason many people make false allegations and then sue - because they are in financial dire straights and they want a big payday. Jannie Ligons, her boyfriend, her daughter and her daughter's felon boyfriend were completely broke. Making false allegations against an Oklahoma City police officer accomplishes two things; getting even with a cop who embarrassed you with his aggressive questioning and will most likely result in a big cash settlement.
This is an excerpt from an article in the Oklahoman newspaper where detective Davis is quoted...
TV ONE (40:15): Detective Kim Davis: "Daniel presented no emotion during the trial, except when he was found guilty. Then he bawled like a baby, because he got caught and he's going to prison."
TRUTH: Holtzclaw showed no emotion during the trial for two reasons; One, he was instructed by his defense lawyer not to. Two, his accusers were liars and Holtzclaw most likely felt nothing towards them except anger and disbelief. There was however two times during the trial itself that Holtzclaw did show emotion and detective Davis has apparently and conveniently wiped it from her memory. Holtzclaw openly wept when he was allowed to hug his mother during a brief break, and again when he watched and listened to prosecutor Gayland Geiger viciously attack his girlfriend when she took the stand.
Holtzclaw's raw emotion at the reading of the verdicts was a young man's realization that the system had let him down and that he was going to prison for crimes he did not commit.
TV ONE and Justice By Any Means credits:
- Justice By Any Means (official show website) (unofficial facebook)
- TV ONE (official website) (facebook) (twitter)
- Executive Producer - Todd Moss
- Executive Producer - Allison Wallach (facebook)
- Executive in Charge of Production - Tia A. Smith (facebook) (linkedin)
- Series Producer - Alyssa Maddox (linkedin)
- Producer - Sarah Miller (linkedin)
- Producer - Lamar Chase
- Editor - Jamison Stalsworth (linkedin)
- VP of Original Programming & Production - Robyn Greene Arrington (linkedin) (facebook)
- Head of Original Programming - D'Angela Proctor (facebook) (linkedin)
- Produced for TV ONE by Jupiter Entertainment (twitter) (facebook)
- Host - Malik Yoba (facebook) (linkedin) (twitter)
- Legal Analyst - Tanya Miller (facebook) (linkedin) (twitter)
- Attorney Benjamin L. Crump (linkedin) (twitter)
- Attorney Melvin C. Hall (linkedin) (twitter)
- IMDb episode page
TV ONE's Justice By Any Means; Jannie Ligons espisode perpetuated every falsehood and myth surrounding the Daniel Holtzclaw case.
Below is a video by HoltzclawTrial.com addressing those major myths...